Hulks and Foreshore Wrecks

in and around Plymouth Sound National Marine Park

As well as having many shipwrecks underwater around Plymouth, there are a large number of ships abandoned on the foreshore, often known as 'hulks'. This research is a collaboration between The SHIPS Project and C. John Cotton from his record of these hulks in the 1980s and our many contributors are acknowledged on the individual pages and photographs.

Click on the map to zoom in to an area and see the hulks:

Hulks in Plym area Hulks in Hooe Lake Hulks in the Yealm area Whitsand bay Hulks Forder hulks Hulks in the River Lynher

Hulk Map Areas

Click on a link to zoom in to an area:

Tamar 12 hulks River Tamar, River Tavy and Tamerton Lake areas, plus Calstock
Lynher 5 hulks Lynher River area, Poldrissick, Treluggan
Forder 11 hulks Forder and Antony Passage areas
Hamoaze 16 hulks Lower Tamar, Hamoaze, Torpoint, Stonehouse, Millbay and Drakes Island areas
Plym 21 hulks River Plym, Cattewater, Cattedown and Oreston areas
Hooe Lake 34 hulks Hooe Lake, a ships graveyard
Whitsand 4 hulks Whitsand Bay, Freathy, Tregantle areas
Yealm 4 hulks Andurn Point, River Yealm, Wembury and Newton Ferrers areas
Total 107 hulks

List of Hulk and Wreck Names

Name Location Date Description
Acacia Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown Fishing boat
Alfred Rooker Hooe Lake, East 1876 Ketch
Alice Hooe Lake, North 1868 Steam tug
Amazon Hooe Lake, West 1866 Ketch
Anje Pomphlett Lake 1968 French fishing vessel
Anna II Off Torpoint 1950 Ex-Belgian pilot boat
Antelope Laira 1906 Brixham trawler
Arthur Hooe Lake, East Unknown Timber lighter
August Smith Wembury 1881 Barque
Baltic Surveyor Oreston 1943 WWII German torpedo boat, converted
Batten Bay 1 Mount Batten Unknown Unknown
Beatrice Maud Treluggan 1910 Thames sailing barge
Bertie Hooe Lake, East 1901 Thames sailing barge
Bertie Hooe Lake, North 1883 Tamar sailing barge
Bon Ami Hooe Boatyard, East 1957 Scottish fishing vessel
Boy Eric Forder, under bridge 1921 Fishing vessel
Budeaux 2 St Budeaux Wharf Unknown Timber vessel, unknown
Budeaux 3 St Budeaux Wharf Unknown Motor fishing vessel, unknown
Budeaux Barge St Budeaux Wharf WWII Ammunition barge, WWII
Bulla Hooe Lake, West 1873 Jersey topsail schooner
Calstock Calstock Unknown Pirate ship, punts and barges
Cattedown 1 Cattedown Unknown Steel barge
Chancellor Treninnow Beach 1901 Steam trawler
Charles Leake II Hooe Lake, North 1946 Motor fishing vessel, 65ft Admiralty
Cornubia Hooe Lake, East 1896 Millbrook steam ferry
Coronella Hooe Lake, off Hooe Quay Unknown Ketch
Cretabode St John's Lake 1918 Concrete barge
Cruden Bay Carbeile Creek 1899 Wooden steam tug
Daisy Freathy 1872 Steam coaster
Dignity Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown French fishing vessel
Dolphin Hooe Lake, North Unknown Schooner
Drakes Island Barge Drakes Island, South Unknown Unknown
Emma Christ Tregantle Beach Unknown Ex-Admiralty MFV then diving tender
Edwin Pomphlett Lake 1880 Tamar sailing barge
Elizabeth Jane Antony Passage Unknown Tamar sailing barge
Excelsior Sand Acre Bay 1875 Schooner
Flete Lady Hooe Boatyard, West 1958 Fishing vessel built in Plymouth
Floralie Hooe Boatyard, West 1977 French fishing vessel
Fowey No. 2 Carbeile Wharf Unknown Timber barge
George Murray Forder Unknown Sailing barge?
Happy Venture Hooe Lake, off Hooe Quay 1953 Salcombe crabber
Harry Herbert Sand Acre Bay 1860 Schooner
Harbour Launches Hooe Lake, East 1947 Two harbour launches
High Speed Launch 2707 Polbathic Lake 1940s RAF High Speed Launch
Hooe Boatyard Hooe Lake - Many hulks on the south side of Hooe Lake
Hooe Lake 1 Hooe Lake, East Unknown Fishing vessel
Hooe Lake 2 Hooe Lake, East Unknown Fibreglass and timber boat
Hooe Lake 3 Hooe Lake, East Unknown Large vessel, possible schooner
Hooe Lake 4 Hooe Lake, East Unknown Tamar sailing barge?
Hooe Lake 5 Hooe Lake, South Unknown Unknown
Hooe Lake 8 Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown Yacht, unknown
Hooe Lake 9 Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown Fishing boat, unknown
Hooe Lake 10 Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown Steel barge
Hooe Lake 11 Hooe Boatyard, West Unknown Small steel tug
Hopper Barge Torpoint Unknown Unknown hopper barge in the Ballast Pond
Jade Hooe Boatyard, East Unknown Motor Launch
Karen Marie St Budeaux Wharf Unknown Motor fishing vessel
Laira 1 Laira Unknown Small steel boat, date unknown
Laira Bridge 1 & 2 Laira Bridge Unknown Steel barge and Unknown
Landing Craft Forder 1940 WWII Landing craft damaged before D-Day
La Petite Stephanie Sutton Harbour 1956 Guernsey motor fishing vessel
Leader Hooe Lake 1867 Turnchapel pilot cutter
Lively Blagdon's Yard, Crabtree 1892 Passenger ferry
Lord John Roberts Forder Unknown Sailing barge?
Lotus Bleu Pomphlett 1967 French crabber / trawler
Lynher Poldrissick, Refloated 1891 Tamar sailing barge
Maggie Annie Treluggan 1881 Ketch
Maline Kingsmill Lake 1912 Danish fishing ketch
Master Hand Torpoint 1920 Trawler, built in Rye
Merganser Hole's Hole 1887 Yacht
Millbay Pontoon Millbay 1852 Pontoon built by Brunel for Millbay Docks
Millbrook 1 Millbrook Lake Unknown Unknown steel vessel
Millom Castle Poldrissick 1870 Schooner
NS660 and barge Sutton Harbour Unknown Unknown barges
Ocean Maid Laira 1967 Scottish motor fishing vessel
Oreston 1 & 2 Oreston, Bayly's Wharf Unknown Steel barges
Other Hooe Lake Hulks Hooe Lake Unknown Other vessels in Hooe Lake
Other Plym Hulks Cattewater, Laira Unknown Other vessels in the Plym and Laira
Paris' Pinnace Sand Acre Bay Unknown Pinnace from the WWII French battleship Paris
Patrina Sutton Harbour 1900 Admiralty steam pinnace
Pearl Hooe Lake, East 1840 Tamar sailing barge
Plough Millbrook Lake 1934 Motor fishing vessel
Plym Cattedown Unknown Dredger broken up at Cattedown
Pomphlett 1 Pomphlett Lake Unknown Unknown fishing boat
Prince Rock 1 Laira Unknown Unknown timber vessel
Rapid Hooe Lake Unknown Steam passenger ferry
Reine des Flots Carbeile Wharf Unknown Trawler used as the foundation for a wharf
Reynolds Lighter St Budeaux Wharf Unknown Steel sewage lighter
Roger Hooe Lake, East 1947 Houseboat, ex-Belgian trawler
Roy Fra Masnedo Carbeile Wharf Unknown French-built fishing boat
Saltash Tamerton Lake 1864 Ketch
Saint Roch Hooe Lake Unknown Motor fishing vessel
Sand Acre Bay 1 Sand Acre Bay Unknown Unknown, possibly a sailing barge
Silver Seagull Hooe Boatyard, West 1964 Belgian trawler
Steam Pinnace Antony Passage mill pond Unknown Royal Navy steam pinnace
Stonehouse 1 Stonehouse Unknown Unknown iron hulk off Stonehouse
Stonehouse 2 Stonehouse Unknown Unknown timber hulk off Stonehouse
Swift Turnchapel 1877 Passenger ferry
Tamerton 1 Tamerton Lake Unknown Unknown vessel at the head of the lake
Tamerton 2 Tamerton Lake Unknown Unknown boat on the south shore
Tamerton 3 Tamerton Lake Unknown Unknown vessel on the north shore
Target Floats Sand Acre Bay Unknown Steel towed target floats
Tavy Sutton Harbour 1899 Smack
Triumph Poldrissick 1899 Tamar barge built in Plymouth
Two Brothers Hooe Lake, East Unknown Dutch barge, unknown
Vectis Andurn Point 1877 Steamship wrecked on the beach
Wendew Hooe Lake, East 1912 Brixham trawler
Wendy Ann II Hooe Lake 1939 Tug rescued from Hooe Lake
Whitsand 2 Tregantle Beach Unknown Unknown timber vessel
Wilcove 1 Off Wilcove, River Tamar Unknown Unknown timber vessel
Yealm 1 River Yealm Unknown Unknown vessel in the River Yealm
Yealm 2 River Yealm Unknown Unknown modern trimaran in River Yealm
YMS-378 Stonehouse 1943 D-Day veteran minesweeper

Previous Work

The hulks in the Tamar waterway have been photographed and noted by a number of people, but this work by The SHIPS Project is the first comprehensive study of all of the vessels. More information about the previous work on this subject can be found here SHIPS Link.

Fates

Many of the hulks recorded by Langley and Small or John Cotton are no longer visible, so their records are all the information we have about these ships:

- Many have been destroyed by erosion and biological activity prevalent on the foreshore where the ship structure is sometimes wet and sometimes dry, battered by waves and eroded by windblown sediments.

- Some of the vessels were simply broken up and their timbers taken away.

- Abandoned wooden vessels have always been a resource providing timber or machinery for building or repairing other ships, for incorporating into buildings on land or for firewood. The Brixham trawler Antelope was partly destroyed by local residents in search of free firewood as Langley complained in a letter to a newspaper, and the trawler Hooe Lake 1 appears to have been abandoned to be a source of firewood.

- Some of the hulks have been deliberately removed or flattened, such as the trawler Wendew, Tamar barge Pearl and ferry Cornubia in Hooe Lake that were flattened by an excavator under the direction of Plymouth City Council who were 'tidying up' Hooe Lake.

- Some of the hulks have disappeared under landfill. For example, whatever remained of the unidentified small steamer at Cattedown is now buried under the land reclamation of the Cockle Bank which is now Neptune Park, and in Hooe Lake the remains of the schooner Dolphin, an unidentified steamship and the Tamar barge Bertie are buried under landfill deposited as part of a housing development that borders the lake.

This is a diminishing resource as it is unlikely that any historically interesting vessels will ever be abandoned on the foreshore in the future. So what remains we can see today is the last remains we will ever see, and the last vestige of a very old maritime tradition of ship disposal, shipbreaking and recycling.

The list of contributors to this study of Plymouth shipwrecks, hulks and aircraft crash sites can be found here.

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